VERBES IRREGULIERS 


D'après Kevin Halion, http://www.e-anglais.com/ressources/verbes_irreguliers.html


Infinitif

Prétérit

Participe Passé

Traduction et notes

abide

abode

abode

demeurer

awake

awoke

awoken

(se) réveiller, aussi awake/awoke/awoke

be

was/were

been

être

bear

bore

borne

porter/supporter/soutenir

beat

beat

beaten

battre

become

became

become

devenir

beget

begat

begotten

engendrer, aussi beget/begot/begotten

begin

began

begun

commencer

bend

bent

bent

se courber, etc.

bereave

bereft

bereft

déposséder/priver

beseech

besought

besought

supplier

bet

bet

bet

parier

bid

bade

bidden

ordonner, etc., bid/bade/bidden ou bade ou bid

bind

bound

bound

lier

bite

bit

bitten

mordre

bleed

bled

bled

saigner

blow

blew

blown

souffler

break

broke

broken

casser

breed

bred

bred

élever

bring

brought

brought

apporter

build

built

built

construire

burn

burnt

burnt

brûler

burst

burst

burst

éclater

buy

bought

bought

acheter

cast

cast

cast

jeter, etc.

catch

caught

caught

attraper

chide

chid

chidden

gronder/réprimander, aussi chide/chid/chid

choose

chose

chosen

choisir

cleave

cleft

cleft

fendre/coller, aussi cleave/clove/clove

cling

clung

clung

se cramponner

come

came

come

venir

cost

cost

cost

coûter

creep

crept

crept

ramper/se glisser/se hérisser

crow

crew

crowed

chanter (un coq)/jubiler

cut

cut

cut

couper

deal

dealt

dealt

distribuer/traiter

dig

dug

dug

bêcher

do

did

done

faire

draw

drew

drawn

tirer/dessiner

dream

dreamt

dreamt

rêver

drink

drank

drunk

boire

drive

drove

driven

conduire

dwell

dwelt

dwelt

habiter/rester

eat

ate

eaten

manger

fall

fell

fallen

tomber

feed

fed

fed

nourrir

feel

felt

felt

(se) sentir

fight

fought

fought

combattre

find

found

found

trouver

flee

fled

fled

fuir

fling

flung

flung

jeter

fly

flew

flown

voler

forbid

forbade

forbidden

interdire

forget

forgot

forgotten

oublier

forgive

forgave

forgiven

pardonner

forsake

forsook

forsaken

abandonner

freeze

froze

frozen

geler

get

got

got

obtenir

gird

girt

girt

ceindre

give

gave

given

donner

go

went

gone

aller

grind

ground

ground

broyer/moudre

grow

grew

grown

cultiver/pousser/grandir

hang

hung

hung

pendre, régulier si c'est une forme d'exécution

have

had

had

avoir

hear

heard

heard

entendre

heave

hove

hove

lever, etc.

hew

hewed

hewn

couper/tailler

hide

hid

hidden

(se) cacher, ou hide/hid/hid

hit

hit

hit

frapper

hold

held

held

tenir

hurt

hurt

hurt

nuire

keep

kept

kept

garder

kneel

knelt

knelt

s'agenouiller

knit

knit

knit

tricoter

know

knew

known

savoir/connaître

lay

laid

laid

étendre/coucher, etc.

lead

led

led

mener

lean

leant

leant

pencher

leap

leapt

leapt

sauter/bondir

learn

learnt

learnt

apprendre

leave

left

left

quitter/laisser

lend

lent

lent

prêter

let

let

let

laisser/louer

lie

lay

lain

reposer/être couché, régulier lorsqu'il signifie 'mentir'

light

lit

lit

allumer

lose

lost

lost

perdre

make

made

made

faire

mean

meant

meant

vouloir dire/signifier

meet

met

met

rencontrer

mow

mowed

mown

faucher/tondre

pay

paid

paid

payer

prove

proved

proven

prouver, régulier d'ordinaire

put

put

put

mettre

quit

quit

quit

quitter/abandonner

read

read

read

lire

rend

rent

rent

déchirer

rid

rid

ridden

se débarrasser, aussi rid/ridded/rid

ride

rode

ridden

monter (cheval, etc.)

ring

rang

rung

sonner/résonner

rise

rose

risen

se lever

run

ran

run

courir

saw

sawed

sawn

scier

say

said

said

dire

see

saw

seen

voir

seek

sought

sought

chercher

sell

sold

sold

vendre

send

sent

sent

envoyer

set

set

set

mettre, etc.

sew

sew

sewn

coudre

shake

shook

shaken

secouer

shear

sheared

shorn

tondre

shed

shed

shed

perdre (feuilles)/laisser tomber (larmes/sang), etc.

shine

shone

shone

briller

shoe

shod

shod

chausser

shoot

shot

shot

tirer/tuer par balle/filmer, etc.

show

showed

shown

montrer

shrink

shrank

shrunk

(se) contracter/(se) rétrécir, aussi shrink/shrunk/shrunk

shrive

shrove

shriven

absoudre

shut

shut

shut

fermer

sing

sang

sung

chanter

sink

sank

sunk

enfoncer/couler, etc., aussi sink/sunk/sunk

sit

sat

sat

s'asseoir, etc.

slay

slew

slain

tuer

sleep

slept

slept

dormir

slide

slid

slid

glisser

sling

slung

slung

lancer

slink

slunk

slunk

aller furtivement

slit

slit

slit

(se) fendre

smell

smelt

smelt

sentir/flairer

smite

smote

smitten

frapper/vaincre

sow

sowed

sown

semer

speak

spoke

spoken

parler

speed

sped

sped

se presser

spell

spelt

spelt

épeler/orthographier

spend

spent

spent

dépenser

spill

spilt

spilt

(se) renverser/(se) répandre

spin

span

spun

faire tourner/filer, aussi spin/spun/spun

spit

spat

spat

cracher, aussi spit/spit/spit

split

split

split

(se) fendre

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

abîmer/gâter, etc.

spread

spread

spread

étendre

spring

sprang

sprung

bondir, aussi spring/sprung/sprung

stand

stood

stood

être debout

stave

stove

stove

défoncer/crever

steal

stole

stolen

voler

stick

stuck

stuck

coller

sting

stung

stung

piquer/brûler

stink

stank

stunk

puer, aussi stink/stunk/stunk

strew

strew

strewn

semer/joncher

stride

strode

stridden

marcher à grands pas, aussi stride/strode/strode

strike

struck

struck

frapper/se mettre en grève

string

strung

strung

ficeler, etc.

strive

strove

striven

s'efforcer

swear

swore

sworn

jurer

sweep

swept

swept

balayer

swell

swelled

swollen

gonfler

swim

swam

swum

nager

swing

swung

swung

balancer

take

took

taken

prendre

teach

taught

taught

enseigner

tear

tore

torn

déchirer

tell

told

told

raconter

think

thought

thought

penser

thrive

throve

thriven

prospérer

throw

threw

thrown

jeter

thrust

thrust

thrust

pousser

tread

trod

trodden

piétiner/fouler/marcher

understand

understood

understood

comprendre

wake

woke

woken

(se) réveiller/(se) ranimer, aussi wake/woke/woke; régulier s'il s'agit d'un rite funéraire

wear

wore

worn

porter/user

weave

wove

woven

tisser/tresser/tituber

wed

wed

wed

épouser/marier

weep

wept

wept

pleurer

wet

wet

wet

mouiller

win

won

won

gagner

wind

wound

wound

remonter, etc.

wring

wrung

wrung

tordre

write

wrote

written

écrire


Nota : les verbes beset (entourer de, assaillir) et upset (boulverser, [se] renverser, déranger) sont comme le verbe set. Aux Etats-Unis, le verbe to sneak (se glisser furtivement, etc.) peut être irrégulier : to sneak, snuck, snuck.


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