GB HAS ALLOWED THERAPEUTIC CLONING|
GB (to be) the first country to authorize therapeutic cloning in 2002. However, Korean biologists (to create) the first human clone in February 2004. Nevertheless, this technique (still to raise) great oppositions throughout the world. The Vatican violently (to condemn) it, arguing that an embryo is a human being and that cloning (not to respect) his existence (indeed, the extraction of stem cells leads to the death of the embryo). In the US, the scientific community (to be torn) (as in every occidental country), but the president’s council on bioethics claims to be hostile to it. In France, the Parliament (to vote) last July a law forbidding any kind of cloning, with a threat of 30 years maximum of imprisonment. However, research and experimentations on stem cells issuing from existing embryos (to be allowed).
It is while working in that direction that an American team from the Kettering Cancer Center (to announce) in August 2004, that it (to achieve) the creation of the first specific human neurons issuing from embryo stem cells. These neurons are qualified as dopaminergic and should be used for treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
Before therapeutic cloning (to become) generally available to cure heart disease, diabetes, paralysis, etc., scientists (to have) to overcome numbers of hurdles.
At the moment, scientists (to work) to find methods that could cure or treat diseases with embryonic stem cells.