Exercice 1

There were roughly (about, nearly) 47,000,000 pets in France in the year 2000.
At least (minimum) 500,000 Florida tortoises have been released in the sewer system, ponds and streams, where they have destroyed the ecosystems.
Pets have steadily (regularly) taken a place greater and greater in our society in the last 30 years. One of their main (most important) roles is played with the lonely, the sick or the disabled. France accommodates slightly (a little) more than 16,000,000 dogs and cats.
One outstanding (remarkable) assessment is that 100,000 cats and dogs are abandoned each year.

The government wishes to make pet owners more reliable (sure, you can count on it), preventing this huge (very large, enormous) abandonment phenomenon. It’s one of their chief (leading) goals concerning pet’s health.  To a certain extent (up to a point, partially), ignorance of pet needs (before its acquisition) is the major plague. On the whole (generally speaking), pet owners are fortunately very trustworthy people, who have their pet’s interest at heart and wish to provide it care as suitable (appropriate) as they can.
NB: sewer system= les égoûts

Exercice 2

The ECG enables the heart activity to be monitored, thereby improving the whole anaesthesia monitoring. New imaging techniques, namely tomography and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), are developing in the veterinary world. They can be very effective in diagnosing some kind of lesions such as tumors, nevertheless, their price is a serious drawback, as well as their lack of geographical availability. Moreover, they have to be prescripted wisely, since their respective indications are not always identical.
They are much more precise than radiography, in spite of that, they are not able to detect lesions that are too little.
Hence X-ray and ultrasound imaging, that is to say techniques more commonly used in vet surgeries, are to remain for a long time. As it were, the ultrasound is liable to expand more and more.
As regards state-of-the-art imaging techniques, such as scintigraphy, they are still rarely used by vets nowadays. However, race or sport horses are not unlikely to benefit from them.
NB: state-of-the-art = advanced, to enable sb to do= permettre à qn de faire, drawback= inconvénient

Exercice 3

1 It is six o’clock, consequently          a. it is time to feed Rex.
2. The pressure on the pin was too high, as a result   l. it broke.
3. Mercury is a metal, nevertheless    k. it is a fluid.
4. The treatment is expensive, furthermore   f. it may not be efficient.
5. Chemotherapy drugs are dangerous, therefore    e. they must be handled with gloves.
6. As a rule, dogs respond well to this treatment, but   g. medicine is not an exact science.
7. His WBC is decreasing, actually  d. it has never been so low.
8. FIP is a transmittable disease, thus  c. your cat must be isolated from his fellows.
9. The X-ray photograph was off-center, besides i. the voltage was too high
NB: off-center= mal cadré, pin= broche, WBC= white blood cell


Appréciation, degré

Actually :  en fait

Barely :  à peine

Besides :    du reste, d’ailleurs

Definitely :   sans aucun doute

Fairly :   moyennement, vraiment

Finally : enfin

Hardly :  à peine

Indeed :  en effet

Nearly: presque

Only: seulement

Outstanding : exceptionnel, remarquable

Quite :  complètement, très

Rather :  assez, plutôt

Roughly :  approximativement

Scarcely : à peine

Slightly: légèrement

The more so as:  d’autant plus que

Thoroughly:  complètement

But, intention

In order to:  afin de

Purposely:  à dessein

With a view to:  en vue de

Contraste, restriction

According to:  selon

Although: bien que

And yet:  et pourtant

Anyhow : en tout cas

Anyway : quoi qu’il en soit

As a rule : généralement

As far as :  dans la mesure où

As to :  en ce qui concerne

Aside from :  à part

Assuming that :  en supposant que

At any rate:  de toute façon

At least :  du moins

Despite : malgré

However : cependant

In spite of: malgré

Instead of : au lieu de

Nevertheless: néanmoins

On the whole: globalement

Or else:  sinon

Otherwise: autrement

Perhaps: peut-être

Provided (that) : à condition que

Still : quand même

Though : quoique

Whereas : alors que

While : tandis que

Manière, moyen

According to:  selon, d’après

Alike : de la même façon

Anyhow : n’importe comment

As a matter of course : tout naturellement

As a matter of fact :  en réalité

As for : quant à

As it were :  pour ainsi dire

As regards : en ce qui concerne

As to :  pour ce qui est de

Besides : en outre

First and foremost : tout d’abord

Furthermore :  en outre

However :  toutefois

i.e : c’est à dire

In addition : de plus

In this way : de cette façon

Little by little : peu à peu

Moreover : de plus

Rather than : plutôt que de

Steadily: progressivement

That is to say: c’est à dire


e.g. :exempli gratia :par exemple

Namely : à savoir

Such as : comme, tel que

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